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The 3 Essential Documents for an LLC: A Beginner’s Guide

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For aspiring entrepreneurs venturing into the world of business, establishing a Limited Liability Company (LLC) can provide crucial legal protection and tax advantages. To ensure the seamless formation and operation of your LLC, it’s important to understand and prepare the three essential legal documents associated with it.

1) Articles of Organization

Purpose: The Articles of Organization, also known as the Certificate of Organization, lays the foundation for your LLC’s legal existence.


  • Business Name: Choose a unique and non-conflicting name for your LLC that complies with state regulations.
  • Business Purpose: Define the primary activities and objectives of your LLC.
  • Principal Place of Business: Specify the physical address where your LLC will operate.
  • Registered Agent: Designate an entity or individual responsible for receiving legal documents and official papers on behalf of your LLC.
  • Management Structure: Determine if your LLC will have a single manager, multiple managers, or if all members will serve as managers.
  • Duration of LLC: In some states, specify the duration for which your LLC will operate.

When preparing the Articles of Organization for your LLC, it is vital to carefully select a unique business name and ensure compliance with existing registrations. Thoroughly define your business purpose, registered agent, and management structure, and consider the duration of your LLC, if required. Consulting an attorney can help you navigate the specific requirements of your state and ensure that your Articles of Organization are filed correctly.

2) Operating Agreement

Purpose: The Operating Agreement outlines the internal operations, rights, and responsibilities of the LLC members and maintains the integrity of the business structure.


  • Decision-Making: Define how key business decisions will be made if there are multiple members.
  • Ownership Percentages: Specify the percentage of ownership held by each member.
  • Profit and Loss Distribution: Outline how profits and losses will be allocated among the members.
  • Voting Rights: Determine the voting rights of each member in major company decisions.
  • Exit Strategy: Address the procedures if a member wishes to leave or in the event of their death.
  • Dissolution Process: Clarify the steps to dissolve the LLC, should the need arise.

Although not always legally required, having an Operating Agreement is highly recommended for your LLC. It establishes clear guidelines for decision-making, ownership percentages, profit distribution, and voting rights among members. Moreover, it addresses important scenarios such as member exit strategies and the dissolution process. An attorney can provide valuable guidance in tailoring the Operating Agreement to suit the unique needs of your LLC.

3) Employee Identification Number (EIN)

  • Purpose: An EIN, issued by the IRS, is a unique identifier for your business and is required for various legal and financial transactions.
  • Obtaining an EIN:
  • Need: Regardless of business structure, all companies must obtain an EIN.
  • Application: Complete IRS Form SS-4 to apply for an EIN. An attorney can assist you in this process.
  • Usage: Utilize the EIN for business-related documentation and when opening a business bank account.

Obtaining an EIN is necessary for your LLC, as it serves as a unique identifier for your business. Using an EIN instead of your social security number enhances privacy and streamlines business-related transactions. Ensure that you correctly apply for an EIN by filling out IRS Form SS-4, and consult with an attorney to ensure compliance with IRS regulations and to guide you through the application process.


As a new business owner, establishing an LLC can provide crucial benefits, including liability protection and tax advantages. Understanding and preparing the three essential legal documents – Articles of Organization, Operating Agreement, and Employee Identification Number (EIN) – is key to ensuring the successful formation and operation of your LLC. Seek the guidance of an experienced attorney who can assist you in creating and filing these documents accurately, setting you up for success in your entrepreneurial journey.

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Manager Managed

  1. Popular where 1 or more of the owners will act as “Passive” investors
  2. Some owners may be “Passive” while others may be designated as “Managers”
  3. Some owners may be designated as Managers, some “non-owners” may be designated as managers, or any combination thereof may be designated.

Member Managed

  1. The most popular structure for LLCs with 1 or more owners.
  2. ALL Owners have control over the daily operations of the business.
  3. The owners have authority to bind the LLC by signing for a loan, negotiating and executing contracts, and managing other daily operations of the business.